Georges Calas Sustainable Development - Environment, Energy and Society (2014-2015)

Biography

Senior member of the University Institute of France, Chair of Mineralogy at the University Pierre & Marie Curie in Paris.

Born in 1948, Georges Calas graduated from École normale supérieure de Saint-Cloud-Lyon and received a Doctorat d’État in Mineralogy from the University of Paris (1980). He obtained a CNRS research position in 1972, and was invited researcher at the Clarendon Laboratory (Oxford) and the Grant Institute of Earth Sciences (Edinburgh). He also volunteered for technical cooperation in Mexico (1974-1975). He was appointed full professor at the University Paris Diderot-Paris VII in 1981, where he was head of the Department of Earth Sciences. Member of the Scientific council of the University Paris VII and of the Board of directors of the Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris, he was deputy-director of the Laboratory of Mineralogy-Crystallography /Institute of Mineralogy, Physics of materials and Cosmochemistry. He is external reader at École normale supérieure since 1986, and has been Allan V. Cox Visiting Professor at Stanford in 1992. He was appointed in 2001 at the University Pierre & Marie Curie, where he is a member of the expert committee of the Quadrivium 1 Seed Fund. He is a senior member of the University Institute of France since 2006.

Scientific Advisor at the Ministry of Higher Education and Research and member of the Cabinet Research Council of the Ministry of Culture and Communication, he chaired the National Research Program on Soils and Erosion and the CNRS Laboratory network on "Glassy Materials". He was member of the Scientific Council of the Institut de recherche pour le développement (IRD) and the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF). He chairs the Regional Scientific Network "Oxide Materials-OXYMORE", a Domain of Major Interest of the Île-de-France Region. Chairman of the Commission on the "Physics of Minerals" of the International Mineralogical Association, he was President of the French Society of Mineralogy and Crystallography, Vice-president of the European Mineralogical Union and member of the Stanford Environmental Molecular Science Institute. Member of the Board of Fellows of the Society of Glass Technology, he chaired the Technical Committee on "Structure-Property Relationships in glasses" of the International Commission on Glass. A former Associate Editor of the Canadian Mineralogist and Principal Editor of Elements, he is Scientific Editor of Terra Nova and member of the Editorial Board of Physics and Chemistry of Minerals. President of the Evaluation Committee of the National Center on Technological Research on "Nickel and its environment", Noumea, he is a member of the Board of the French Geological Survey (BRGM) since 2009.

Distinctions

Member, Academia Europaea (1911) and Corresponding Member of the Société Royale de Liège (1912)

Foreign Fellow, Royal Society of Canada (2014)

Carrière (1988), Ivan Peyches (2002) and Dolomieu (2014) prizes, French Academy of Sciences

Léon Bertrand prize, Société Géologique de France (2006)

Mineralogical Society-Schlumberger Medal, Mineralogical Society of Great Britain (2011)

Fellow: Mineralogical Society of America, Geochemical Society, European Association for Geochemistry, Society of Glass Technology.