Jean-Marie Tarascon Sustainable Development - Environment, Energy and Society (2010-2011)
Jean-Marie Tarascon is an expert in chemistry/electrochemistry of solids. He is currently a Professor at the University of Picardy Jules Verne in Amiens, France, where he heads the Reactivity and Chemistry of Solids Laboratory (UMR CNRS 6007). However, he has spent most of his career in the United States where he began at Cornell University (1980), followed by Bell Laboratory and then Bellcore until 1994. Initially, his research covered some electronic properties of Chevrel phases as well as their aptitude to intercalate or disintercalate alkaline ions.
At the end of the 1980's, Professor Tarascon was director of the Bellcore chemistry group and participated in findings on high critical temperature cuprate superconductors, the role of oxygen non-stoichiometry, cationic substitutions, magnetism and structural modulation. He nevertheless returned to solid-state electrochemistry and became a specialist of world renown, since he developed a lithium-ion battery made entirely of plastic which is currently being marketed. His achievements, demonstrating a new mechanism for lithium reactivity with oxides, sulfides, nitrides and fluorides, illustrate his constant drive to move away from well-established scientific dogmas.