The Trans-Civilizational Perspective: A Cognitive Framework for Viewing the 21ˢᵗ Century World

I. From a state-centric and west-centric international society to a multi-polar and multi-civilizational global society

1. The state-centric and west-centric international society of the 20th century.

2. Conflicts destabilizing the international order.

  1. The conflict between the transnationalization of economics and information, and the sovereign states system.

  2. The conflict between the global quest for human dignity and the sense of humiliation shared by developing nations.

  3. Emerging discrepancies between asian economic power and western intellectual/informational hegemony in global society.

II. The trans-civilizational perspective as compared with the international and transnational perspectives

1. The international perspective.

2. The transnational perspective.

  1. Significance of the transnational perspective.

  2. Problems with the international and transnational perspectives.

3. The trans-civilizational perspective.

  1. Civilizational factors and perspectives as preserved and utilized within the sovereign states system.

  2. Decline of the non-intervention principle and the problematization of civilizations.

  3. The need to minimize conflicts between egocentric, unilateral universalisms.

  4. The functional trans-civilizational perspective.