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Conférences en anglais. 

Philistine lotus-decorated jug from Azur.
Collection of the Israel Antiquities Authority. 
Photo by Peter Lanyi © The Israel Museum, Jerusalem.

Sheshonq fragment from Megiddo. 
Photo by Meidad Suchowolski © Israel Antiquities Authority

 

Ancient Egypt’s cultural impact on the Levant during the Bronze and Iron Ages cannot be overstated. In material culture, it is evident from the monumental to the miniature. In scripture, it manifests itself in the profane as well as in the consecrated. However, while the various Levantine expressions of Egyptian influence are easily recognizable and fairly well-known, the process of cultural transmission is not so easily reconstructed. Intercultural negotiations vary significantly in accordance with the social, political and economic setting of the negotiators, and the diverse settings create fluctuating degrees of transmission which change over time. In the study of Ancient Near Eastern connectivity, some of these processes are more readily available than others.

For example, the transmission process which led to the abundance of Egyptianised and Egyptian-style material culture in Late Bronze Age Canaan is among the most studied aspects of the relations between Egypt and the Levant. The setting for this phenomenon was described as imperial or colonial, therefore allowing for various transmission mechanisms defined as direct contact, encounter and exchange. The Egyptian influence on Canaanite practices of consumption resulted in a wide range of responses typified as emulation, adaptation, acculturation, appropriation, hybridization or creolization.

Shirly Ben-Dor Evian

Shirly Ben-Dor Evian

Conférencière invitée par l'assemblée du Collège de France, sur proposition du Pr Thomas Römer. (Invited speaker by the Assembly of Collège de France, on the proposal of Professor Thomas Römer. Conferences in English.)