Migrations, refugees, exile. Présentation du colloque.

Since the summer of 2015, the massive influx of refugees from the Middle East is often presented in public debate as a "Migrant Crisis" that tests the security of European defences. One can, however, argue the reverse – that this humanitarian challenge confronts refugees with the European crisis. This calls into question not only the universality of human rights, but the history of the relations of societies to the major migratory movements that compose them. The implication that migration must be understood over the long term through a deliberately interdisciplinary approach will be the theme of the Collège de France’s Autumn Symposium. Both voluntary and forced large-scale population movements will be examined in their historical, demographic, anthropological, biological, psychological, sociological, economic, geographic, linguistic and legal aspects. Going beyond the diffusionist model that has long dominated the archaeology of migration, the conference will examine the impacts of contact between migrants and societies and address in turn the concepts of diaspora, colonization, asylum, and refuge. Not only will we endeavour to calmly examine the new cosmopolitan outflows in the context of transnational migration induced by globalization, but also the political issues raised by this question today. Exceptionally, the conference will open with a round table bringing together major European stakeholders from among personalities in the political arena and NGOs who will provide a different view of Europe thanks to their ongoing support to displaced populations. In an institution such as the Collège de France it will also be useful to recall how, in the present context, Europe was constructed as an open community of destinies and knowledge, where the figure of the exile challenges us to give meaning to the philosophical values of hospitality.