Jacques Mairesse was Inspector General of the National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE) from 1988 to 2005. He was Director of the École nationale de la statistique et de l'administration économique (ENSAE) from 1980 to 1990, where he helped create the Centre de recherche en économie et statistique (CREST) in 1990. He is currently an honorary professor at ENSAE and a researcher at the CREST microeconometrics laboratory. He is also professor of applied econometrics on research, innovation and productivity at Maastricht University, and research associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER, Cambridge, MA, USA).
Jacques Mairesse's research focuses on the economics of production, the measurement of productivity and capital, and the econometrics of individual data panels. He has contributed in these fields to numerous studies on firm-level data for France, the United States and other countries. His research topics, initially focused on issues specific to the economics of research and development (R&D), have broadened to the economics of innovation and more recently to the economics of science, with a particular focus on performance evaluation at different levels of analysis and institutional environments, including the evaluation of returns to public funding and gender issues.