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Conférence de P. Descola à Chulalongkorn, Bangkok

Organized by the Institute of Research on Contemporary Southeast Asia (IRASEC) and the Center for Social Development Studies (CSDS), Faculty of Political Science, Chulalongkorn University present

A public lecture at Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok
‘Rethinking the Nature/ Culture Divide’
By Philippe Descola
Professor at Collège de France, Chair in Anthropology of Nature

Discussants : Thanes Wongyannawa, Faculty of Political Science, Thammasat University and Dr.Yukti Mukdawijitra, Faculty of Sociology and Anthropology, Thammasat University.

Notions such as ‘nature’ or ‘culture’ are the product of a particular historical process and express the specific distribution of ontological properties to beings in the world that the Moderns have devised. Other civilizations have adopted other systems of distribution, resulting in ontologies and principles of association between humans and non humans that differ widely from the one which emerged in Europe a few centuries ago. The challenge for the social sciences is to acknowledge this diversity, while retaining the ambition to explain it in non Eurocentric terms.

November 10th 2017
Time 1.00-4.00 pm.

Venue : Saranitet Conference Room, 2nd floor, Main Auditorium, Chulalongkorn University

In partnership with the Collège de France, the Faculty of political Science of Chulalongkorn University, the Siamese Association of Sociologists and Anthropologists, (SASA), the French Embassy of Thailand.

Workshop international, Chiang Mai

Organized by the Institute of Research on Contemporary southeast Asia (IRASEC) and the Regional Center for Social Science and Sustainable Development (RCSD), Faculty of Social Science of Chiang Mai University

International Workshop : ‘Natures and Cultures in Southeast Asia’ at Chiang Mai University

With the participation of Philippe Descola
Professor at Collège de France, Chair in Anthropology of Nature

November 7th and 8th 2017 from 9.00 am to 5.00 pm.
4th floor meeting room, Operational Building, Faculty of Social Science, Chiang Mai University

The objective of this international workshop is to explore the relations between societies and their environments in Southeast Asia. Following Philippe Descola's proposition to overcome the western dualism that opposes nature and culture, we will revisit Southeast Asian ethnographic material concerning, in particular, the modes of being and engaging practically and conceptually to the world. In the presence of the French anthropologist, we will question the diversity of natures in the region through the study of the articulations between animisms, Hindu-Buddhist cosmologies and any other forms of connecting the social, ecological and cosmic orders.

In partnership with the Collège de France, the Center for Ethnic Studies and Development and the Faculty of Social Science of Chiang Mai University (CESD), the French Embassies of Thailand, Hanoi and Phnom Penh and IRD.

Abstracts of Philippe Descola Descola

* Chiang Mai: 1st lecture, November 7th, 9.50-10.50 am: ‘Analogism versus animism: discrepancies and resemblances’

‘Analogism versus animism: discrepancies and resemblances’

Analogism and animism are predicated upon very different ontological premises. The former refers to a fragmented world made up of a multiplicity of components which must be held together through networks of correspondences. While the latter presupposes a world composed of self-reflexive and sentient human and non human beings who differ from one another by their bodily dispositions, not by their moral and subjective qualities. However, certain parts of the world – Southeast Asia, Northwest Amazonia, Northern Central Asia – evidence a blending of these features which will be examined in the lecture.

‘Instituting Amazonian Collectives’

* Chiang Mai: 2d lecture, November 8th, 9.15- 9-50 am: ‘Instituting Amazonian Collectives’

Amazonian human and non humans collectives are no different from other animist assemblages elsewhere: each one of them is a monospecific ‘tribe-species’ composed of all the members of a class of beings sharing identical physical dispositions which give them access to a world of their own. Humans are moreover parceled up into a number of different tribes-species defined by the tools they use to relate to the world, tools that are seen as ‘natural’ extensions of their bodies in the same sense as the bodily dispositions of plants, animals and spirits.

Argentine

Le professeur Descola donnera deux conférences à Buenos Aires :

  • le 5 décembre 2016 à 18h à l'Academia Nacional de Ciencias de Buenos Aires
    Plus d'informations (affiche en espagnol)
  • le 6 décembre 2016 à 19h à l'Alliance française
    Plus d'informations (affiche en espagnol)

L'homme est-il un animal ?

Philippe Descola et Alain Prochiantz

Émission Croisements (France Culture), 31 juillet 2011

Définir l'homme par rapport à l'animal n'est-ce pas le rêve avoué des philosophes depuis le XVIIe siècle ? L'enjeu était de taille, puisqu'il en allait de la définition du propre de l'homme autant que de sa destination. Si le biologiste aujourd'hui admet que l'homme est à peu près un animal comme les autres, tant les différences génétiques entre un grand singe et l'homme sont infimes, il accorde néanmoins de l'importance à la discontinuité existante entre l'homme et l'animal. L'anthropologue semble faire le chemin inverse. Face aux progrès de l'éthologie de terrain, il détrône l'homme d'un certain nombre de suprématies. Il met les capacités cognitives des hommes et des animaux en partage. Notamment sur le plan de la technique. Il respecte également les sociétés animistes qui font de l'homme et des animaux des vivants possédant des qualités autonomes. Un dialogue qui brouille les frontières et redistribue les rôles.

Lire aussi

Alain Prochiantz, Darwin : 200 ans, Éditions Odile Jacob, coll. Collège de France, 2010.
Philippe Descola, Par delà la nature et la culture, Gallimard, 2005.