Principal Investigator: Olivier Rivoire, CR Cnrs
Life is often presented as a pinnacle of complexity with the root of the difficulty lying in the multiplicity of its constituents and the intricacy of their interactions. Knowing every constituent and interaction is, however, unlikely to solve all problems. Proteins are a case in point: their physical principles are well established, their composition and structure are precisely known in many instances, and yet we generally do not know how to read the function of a protein from its sequence or how to design a sequence for a given function. But detailed knowledge may not be necessary for any of these tasks. Natural proteins have in fact homologs with similar functions despite sometimes very different sequences, indicating that many of their amino acids can be substituted without fundamentally altering their function.
More generally, an exhaustive characterization of living systems may neither be sufficient nor necessary for their understanding and engineering. Instead, a critical challenge for biology is to achieve a proper “coarse-grained”, low-dimensional description of living systems that captures the relative functional significance of their constituents and interactions.
With my collaborators, we are taking two complementary approaches based on evolutionary principles to meet this challenge:
• A top-down analytic approach to decompose biomolecules into functional units by comparing statistically homologous systems with the premise that evolutionary conservation provides a generic measure of functional significance.
• A bottom-up synthetic approach to generate quantitative data both from controlled evolutionary experiments and from mathematical models to verify the consistency and sufficiency of the inferred coarse-grained descriptions.
- Junier, I., Frémont, P., & Rivoire, O. (2018), Universal and idiosyncratic characteristic lengths in bacterial genomes. Phys Biol. 15, 035001.
- Mayer, A., Mora, T., Rivoire, O., & Walczak, A.M. (2017), Transitions in optimal adaptive strategies for populations in fluctuating environments. Phys Rev E 96, 032412.
- Mayer, A., Mora, T., Rivoire, O., & Walczak, A.M. (2016), Diversity of immune strategies explained by adaptation to pathogen statistics. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 113, 8630–8635.
- Boyer, S., Biswas, D., Kumar Soshee, A., Scaramozzino, N., Nizak, C., Rivoire, O., (2016), Hierarchy and extremes in selections from pools of randomized proteins. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 113, 3482–3487.
- Junier, I., Rivoire, O., (2016), Conserved Units of Co-Expression in Bacterial Genomes: An Evolutionary Insight into Transcriptional Regulation. PLoS ONE 11, e0155740.
- Rivoire, O., Reynolds, K.A., Ranganathan, R., (2016), Evolution-Based Functional Decomposition of Proteins. PLoS Comput. Biol. 12, e1004817.
- Hemery, M., Rivoire, O., (2015), Evolution of sparsity and modularity in a model of protein allostery. Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys 91, 42704.
- Rivoire, O., (2015), Informations in Models of Evolutionary Dynamics. J Stat Phys 162, 1324–1352.
Rivoire Olivier, CR1 CNRS
Nizak Clement, CR CNRS, ESPCI
Postdoctoral fellows & PhD Students:
Boldt Judith, PhD student
Villain Guillaume, PhD student
Matysiak Megane, PhD student
D'Achille Matteo, PhD student
Boulas Ihab, PhD student
Senlis Valentin, PhD student
Schultz Steven, PhD student