Biographie

Clément Sanchez est professeur émérite du Collège de France, chaire Chimie des matériaux hybrides, et professeur à l'Institut des études avancées de Strasbourg. Il a été directeur du Laboratoire de chimie de la matière condensée de Paris (UMR 7574, université Pierre-et-Marie-Curie – Collège de France – CNRS) (1999-2013). Il a effectué une grande partie de sa carrière au CNRS où il a été directeur de recherche tout en étant professeur à l'École polytechnique. Il a obtenu un diplôme d'ingénieur de l'École nationale supérieure de chimie de Paris en 1978 et une thèse d'État en chimie physique à l'université de Paris-VI en 1981. Il a effectué un travail postdoctoral à l'Université de Californie, Berkeley, et effectue actuellement des recherches à l'UMR 7574 à Paris et à l'USIAS à Strasbourg. Il est spécialisé dans le domaine de la nanochimie des gels poreux et non poreux nanostructurés à base d'oxydes de métaux de transition et des matériaux hybrides organiques et inorganiques poreux et non poreux sous forme de monolithes, microsphères et films. Il a créé une nouvelle école de pensée en chimie des matériaux et ouvert un nouveau champ disciplinaire ayant un impact à la fois fondamental et technologique. Il a été le premier à développer des matériaux hybrides inorganiques-organiques fonctionnels, synthétisés par la « chimie douce » associée à des méthodes de traitement écologique. Il a été capable de mettre en œuvre un grand nombre de ses concepts fondamentaux dans des technologies associées aux matériaux hybrides, appliquées à l'adsorption, la catalyse, la protection, le recyclage des déchets et l'optique... Il a organisé de nombreuses conférences nationales et internationales associées aux domaines de la chimie douce, des matériaux hybrides. Il a reçu plusieurs prix nationaux et internationaux, et est membre de plusieurs académies des sciences.

Diplomas

  • Engineer of l'École nationale supérieure de chimie de Paris (Major) 1978
  • Doctorat ès sciences (PhD in Physical Sciences) University of Paris 6 Pierre et Marie Curie 1981

Career in national education

  • Attaché de recherche CNRS (1978-1982)
  • Chargé de recherche CNRS (1982-1988)
  • Director of Research II CNRS (1988-1995)
  • Professor at l'École polytechnique (1991-2003)
  • Director of Research I CNRS (1995-2006)
  • Director of Research Exceptional Class CNRS (2006-2011)
  • Director of the laboratory « Chimie de la matière condensée » (1999-)
  • Co-Director of the laboratory « Chimie de la matière condensée de Paris » UMR CNRS 7574 (2000-2004)
  • Director of the laboratory « Chimie de la matière condensée de Paris » UMR CNRS 7574 (2005-2013)
  • Professor at the Collège de France, chaire de Chimie des matériaux hybrides (2011-2020)

Research interests and fields of expertise

  • Sol-Gel chemistry from metal alkoxides precursors
  • Templated synthesis of inorganic gels and mesoporous coatings (self-assembly)
  • Designed construction of hybrid organic-inorganic materials (metal oxides based on Si, Sn, Ti, Zr...)
  • Optical, electrical and mechanical properties of hybrid materialsSoft chemistry based routes to nanostructured materials. Sustainable chemistry (chimie douce)
  • Bio-inspired approaches to hierarchically structured inorganic and hybrid organic-inorganic materials
  • Hybrid Biomaterials
  • Applications of hybrids in the domains of environment, health and energy

Scientific distinctions and awards

  • Recipient (1978) of the Major Medal of the ENSCP
  • Recipient (1983) of a NATO Fellowship
  • Laureate (1988) of the IBM Price for “Materials Science”
  • Laureate (1994) of the Price from the French Chemical Society (Solid State Chemistry Division)
  • Recipient (1995) of the CNRS Silver Medal
  • Laureate (2000) of the Yvan Pueches Price of the French Academy of sciences
  • Laureate (2000) of the ADFAC - University of Paris VI Price for research valorisation
  • Recipient (2007) of the Lavoisier Medal CEA Le Ripault
  • Catalan-Sabatier Award of the Real Sociedad Espagnola de Quimica (2007)
  • Laureate (2008) of the Gay-Lussac-Humboldt Award of the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation
  • Lecturer (2008) of the Otto-Warburg-Vorlesung, University of Bayreuth
  • Guest Professor of the University of Jilin-China (2009-)
  • Guest Professor of the University of Wuhan-China (2009-)
  • Recipient (2009) of the P. Süe Award of the French Chemical Society
  • Recipient (2010) of the Institut français du pétrole Award of the French Academy of Sciences
  • Nominated Foreing Academician of the Real Academia Nacional de Farmacia, Spain 2011
  • Nominated Academician of the European Academia of Sciences, 2010
  • Nominated Academician of the French Academie of Sciences, 2011
  • Nominated Academician of Academia Europaea, 2012
  • Nominated Fellow of the Material Research Society, 2012
  • Lecturer of the Nippon Sheet Glass-UCLA Lecture, University of Los Angeles, 2014
  • Recipient of François Sommer Award “Man and Nature”, 2014
  • Nominated Foreing Academician of the Royal Academia of Belgium, 2014
  • Recipient of Eni Award “Protection of the Environment”, 2014
  • Nominated Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry, 2014
  • Recipient of the Career Award of the International Sol-Gel Society 2015
  • Guest Professor of the ETH Zurich (2016)
  • Advanced Materials PSA Award 2016
  • Chevalier dans l’ordre national de la Légion d’honneur (2017)
  • Highest Award (Grand Prix) of the French Society for Materials & Metallurgy (SF2M) (2017)
  • Nominated Academician of the World Academy of Ceramics (2017)
  • Nominated Academician of the French Academy of Technologies (2017)
  • International Chair Francqui Award (U. Louvain - U. Namur - U. Leuven) (2017-2018)
  • CNR Rao Award Lecture of the Chemical Research Society of India (Raipur-2018)
  • Nominated Guest Professor at University of Strasbourg Institut of Advanced Studies Chair of Chemistry of ultradivided matter (2020-)
  • Chemistry Blaise Pascal Medal of the European Academy of Sciences (2021)

Technological Transfert, Industrial Valorisation

- Basic research performed since 40 years on the field of hybrid materials yield to numerous applications (for example see the list of patents and the two general review articles J. Mater Chem., 2005 ; Chem. Soc. Rev., 2011)

- Leader of many public and industrial contracts and grants (Rhodia, Saint-Gobain, IFPEN, Corning, Protex, Bouyges, Lafarge, l’Oréal, CEA, EADS, Sumitomo, Air liquide, Materis, Kerneos, Total, PSA, Solvay, SARP, Faurecia, Zeiss…)

- High valorisation of the research on Hybrid Materials (co-inventor of 75 patents )

- ADFAC-UPMC Award for Research valorisation for Hybrid Materials (2000)

- 1 commercial product with large distribution in cosmetics

- 1 licence on MOF

- Several Patented works that are at TRL 5-7

Research Interests and Fields of Expertise

* Designed construction of a large variety of hybrid organic-inorganic nanostructured materials

* Development of Sol-gel science & technology non only based on silica chemistry but also based on transition metal oxides, rare earth oxides, aluminium oxides, tin oxides chemistries

* Bio-inspired approaches to hierarchically structured inorganic and hybrid organic-inorganic materials

* Soft chemistry based routes to nanostructured materials. Sustainable chemistry (chimie douce)

* Synthesis of exotic nanoparticles (metal phosphides, borides, carbides, multicationic oxides…)

* Templated synthesis of inorganic gels and mesoporous coatings and particles (self-assembly)

* Optical, electronic, ionic, catalytic and mechanical properties of nanomaterials

* Applications of hybrids in the domains of energy, environment, biomaterials and health

Scientific Indicators and Summary of Productions

Publications in high impact journals: 532                                                         Book Chapters: 17

Publications in reviewed proceedings: 67                                                           Patents: 75      

Book and Guest Editions: 16                                             

Invited Conferences 426 such as :

Invited Conferences, Keynotes Lectures and Plenary lectures in International conferences: 202

Invited Conferences National Symposia: 43

Invited Conferences in National Universities or Industrial Research Centers: 90

Invited Conferences in International Universities or Industrial Research Centers: 91

Objectives and Strategy of my Research

  • To produce both fundamental and applied research at the frontier between nanosciences, biology, medicine, energy, and environment by pushing to their limits: nanochemistry developed with inorganic or hybrid matter, innovative processing techniques, modern spectroscopies and physical characterisation methods (both ex situ and in situ).
  • To conceive and to elaborate original inorganic and hybrid organic-inorganic nanostructured materials allowing the development of innovative responses to social concerns. Study the mechanism of formation of nanomaterials from molecular inorganic and hybrid precursors to the final materials (dense and porous materials, in the form of films, fibers, powders, monoliths). We are not only developing soft and green chemical routes in green solvents, ionic liquids, molten salts but also new processing approaches at intermediate temperatures between “chimie douce” and conventional solid state chemistry that allow to synthesize nanoparticles with new or broader chemical compositions.
  • To understand the chemistry and processes of formation of inorganic and hybrid nanostructured materials to allow their tailored fabrication (composition, size, morphology, texture) along with a final control over their chemistry and associated behavior. Develop bio-inspired engineering permitting the access of new multifunctional architectures (hierarchical structures) with perfect control over the structure, texture, and the functionalization of the material at different length scales.

Themes of Research

* Designed construction of a large variety of hybrid organic-inorganic nanostructured materials

* Development of Sol-gel science & technology non only based on silica chemistry but also based on transition metal oxides, rare earth oxides, aluminium oxides, tin oxides chemistries

  • Texturation and meso-organization of metallic oxides at organized organic interfaces.
  • Synthesis and characterization of hybrid functional nano-objects obtained by polymerization of heterofunctional molecular precursors and the study of their possible assembly.
  • Engineering new mineral structures or new inorganic nanoparticles (metal phosphides, carbides and borides, multicationic metal oxides, metal oxy-sulfides etc.), and hybrid hierarchical structures with multiple functionalities.
  • Studying the processes of self-assembly and characterization of the organic mineral interface by spectroscopic techniques, diffraction and scattering (in-situ and ex-situ methods).
  • Synthesis of inorganic and hybrid textured materials under external stress.
  • Studying the properties (optical, electronic, mechanical, catalytic…) of novel nanomaterials.
  • Targeted application domains include: the study of some properties (optical, electronic, mechanical, catalytic…) of the novel nanostructured materials and their use as chemical and biological sensors, photoelectodes, photocatalysts, smart coatings, or as new materials for catalysis, fuel cells, microbatteries, bio-nanocomposites for tissue engineering or cosmetics, and new hybrid vectors for theragnostics.

The following cartoon illustrates the reasearch field covered by C. Sanchez